Coherent optical communications enhanced by machine intelligence

Lohani, Sanjaya and Glasser, Ryan T (2020) Coherent optical communications enhanced by machine intelligence. Machine Learning: Science and Technology, 1 (3). 035006. ISSN 2632-2153

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Accuracy in discriminating between different received coherent signals is integral to the operation of many free-space communications protocols, and is often difficult when the receiver measures a weak signal. Here we design an optical communication scheme that uses balanced homodyne detection in combination with an unsupervised generative machine learning and convolutional neural network (CNN) system, and demonstrate its efficacy in a realistic simulated coherent quadrature phase shift keyed (QPSK) communications system. Additionally, we design the neural network system such that it autonomously learns to correct for the noise associated with a weak QPSK signal, which is distributed to the receiver prior to the implementation of the communications. We find that the scheme significantly reduces the overall error probability of the communications system, achieving the classical optimal limit. We anticipate that these results will allow for a significant enhancement of current classical and quantum coherent optical communications technologies.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: STM Library > Multidisciplinary
Depositing User: Managing Editor
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2023 06:53
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2023 04:08

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