Calibration of a Low-Cost Methane Sensor Using Machine Learning

Mitchell, Hazel Louise and Cox, Simon J. and Lewis, Hugh G. (2024) Calibration of a Low-Cost Methane Sensor Using Machine Learning. Sensors, 24 (4). p. 1066. ISSN 1424-8220

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In order to combat greenhouse gas emissions, the sources of these emissions must be understood. Environmental monitoring using low-cost wireless devices is one method of measuring emissions in crucial but remote settings, such as peatlands. The Figaro NGM2611-E13 is a low-cost methane detection module based around the TGS2611-E00 sensor. The manufacturer provides sensitivity characteristics for methane concentrations above 300 ppm, but lower concentrations are typical in outdoor settings. This study investigates the potential to calibrate these sensors for lower methane concentrations using machine learning. Models of varying complexity, accounting for temperature and humidity variations, were trained on over 50,000 calibration datapoints, spanning 0–200 ppm methane, 5–30 °C and 40–80% relative humidity. Interaction terms were shown to improve model performance. The final selected model achieved a root-mean-square error of 5.1 ppm and an R2 of 0.997, demonstrating the potential for the NGM2611-E13 sensor to measure methane concentrations below 200 ppm.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: STM Library > Multidisciplinary
Depositing User: Managing Editor
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2024 08:03
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2024 08:03

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